Joel M Williams
(retired, PhD physical organic chemistry, Northwestern U)

Click image for free 18Mb pdf of this "out-of-print" book

"Rethinking the Atom"

a 164 page paperback compilation of articles by JMW

$19.95 US list at Amazon

Click here  for



Click image for free 22Mb pdf of the book

I have spent over 50 years building, remodeling, and painting houses and packing boxes. From these activities, I have marveled at the beautiful 3-D symmetry created by craftsmen and nature and its aesthetic appeal to artists. I have also spent 45 years mentally and physically manipulating chemical compounds and atoms. Much of this time has been spent on models generated by others — many of whom have received Nobel prizes for their efforts.  

In recent years, I have wondered about some of the models engendered by those fabled masters.  What I have found is that some, beautiful as they may be, are inherently limited.  They are limited because they fail to accommodate 3-D components that can not be rendered from 2-D. The masters have decreed that things are different at the atomic level even though this level formulates the substances of our real world! This is a stretch of faith that I no longer accept.  

Finding the accepted electronic models unsatisfactory in explaining some of my own experimental results, I set out a decade ago to find a model that would explain them while remaining consistent with previous data. To do so, I had to think outside the “box” created by the legends of science. My 3-D approach has allowed me to see atoms from a different vantage point — a vantage point that has gone unexplored since those mavens accepted OR-duality and electron spin-reversal to justify homophilic cohabitation of orbital space by electron pairs.  

My MCAS electronic model of atoms (published in "Challenging Science" - "Simple Explanations to Some Complicated Science Enigmas") demonstrates that  

1.      Atoms are more like blocks than spheres. Thus, atoms can truly be called nature’s “building blocks”.

2.      Laws that govern electrons at the atomic level are the same ones that govern them in our macro-world. Electrons do not possess “OR” duality (wave OR particle), but rather they possess “AND” duality. In the absence of a model that allows things to be the same at the atomic and macro-environments, it is perfectly reasonable to adopt one that can be mathematically described. But as the MCAS model demonstrates, electrons do NOT need to be different at the atomic level! Thus, it is quite illogical to think otherwise.

3.      Electron-spin predestined the predominant singular twist of natural molecules (i.e., DNA). With a singular spin, electrons flow chirally around nuclei. Thus, electronic orbitals possess built-in chirality. Atoms of the universe were the first to have a one-way traffic system.

4.      The electronic structure about an atom is dynamically flexible. As more electrons surround a nucleus, more optimal packing arrangements must occur. At speeds near that of light, electrons tune to each other’s velocity, position, and charge to occupy observed energy states. The “uncertainty principle” applies to man and his tools, not to electrons.

5.      Having a mathematical description does NOT validate a model. Degenerate, funny shaped orbitals (think dz2) in the currently accepted model highlight the power of mathematics to model anything and everything. With complete faith in mathematics, intellectuals no longer revisit the reasons for its epicycles; any error is unthinkable. Generations are duped as tons of scripture turn theory into law. Unbiased introspection is lost, even as intellectuals are certain it is otherwise. Heretics are just ignored by the powers that be and their views go unseen by the masses.

6.      The current quantum-mechanical model for electrons around atoms is NOT correct. The quantum theoretical approach is validated by the photoelectric effect. It is the nlms model that is not correct. The electronic cloud around a hydrogen atom is NOT spherical; it is tetrahedral and chiral. Electrons of atoms retain their velocity by interacting with the nucleus. Thus, they are nuclear powered.

Click for author's home page